Koch, Robert

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 11 December 1843 Clausthal, Hannover, Germany
d. 28 May 1910 Baden-Baden, Germany
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German bacteriologist and innovator of many bacteriological techniques, including the process of bacteria-free water filtration and the introduction of solid cultivation media.
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Koch studied medicine at Gottingen and graduated MD in 1866. He served in the war of 1870, and in 1872 was appointed Medical Officer at Wollstein. It was there that he commenced his bacteriological researches which led to numerous technical advances and the culture of the anthrax bacillus in 1876.
Appointed in 1880 to the Imperial Health Office in Berlin, he perfected his methods and was appointed Professor of Hygiene in the University of Berlin in 1885. From 1886 he was editor of the Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrank-heiten, which was published in Leipzig. In 1891 he became Director of the Institute for Infectious Diseases, founded for him in Berlin. He had already discovered the tubercle bacillus in 1882 and the cholera vibrio in 1883. He travelled extensively in India, Africa and South Africa in connection with research into bubonic plague, malaria, rinderpest and sleeping sickness. His name will always be associated with Koch's postulates, the propositions which need to be satisfied before attributing a disease to a specific infective agent.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology 1905.
Bibliography
1877, "Verfahrungen zur Untersuchung zum Conservieren und Photographieren der Bacterien", Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen.
Further Reading
M.Kirchner, 1924, Robert Koch.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Koch, Robert — Médico bacteriólogo alemán nacido en 1843. Fue el descubridor del agente responsable de la tuberculosis (conocido actualmente como bacilo de Koch o Mycobacterium tuberculosis), de la tuberculina y del vibrión del cólera. También realizó… …   Diccionario médico

  • KOCH Robert — (1843 1910): (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/k/k.htm#koch]: médico y bacteriólogo alemán, famoso por haber descubierto, entre otros, el bacilo de la tuberculosis. Premio Nobel en 1905 Biografía [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • Koch,Robert — Koch (kôk, kôKH), Robert. 1843 1910. German bacteriologist who discovered the cholera bacillus and the bacterial cause of anthrax. He won a 1905 Nobel Prize for developing tuberculin. * * * …   Universalium

  • Koch, Robert — ▪ German bacteriologist Introduction in full  Robert Heinrich Hermann Koch  born Dec. 11, 1843, Clausthal, Hannover [now Clausthal Zellerfeld, Ger.] died May 27, 1910, Baden Baden, Ger.  German physician and one of the founders of bacteriology.… …   Universalium

  • Koch, Robert — ► (1843 1910) Médico alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1905, por el descubrimiento del bacilo de la tuberculosis, llamado bacilo de Koch …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • KOCH, ROBERT —    an eminent bacteriologist, born at Klansthal, in Hanover; famous for his researches in bacteriology; discovered sundry bacilli, among others the cholera bacillus and the phthisis bacillus, and a specific against it; b. 1843 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Koch — Koch, Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Koch — Nacimiento 11 de diciembre de 1843 Clausthal, Reino de Hannover …   Wikipedia Español

  • Koch's postulates — are four criteria designed to establish a causal relationship between a causative microbe and a disease. The postulates were formulated by Robert Koch and Friedrich Loeffler in 1884 and refined and published by Koch in 1890. Koch applied the… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert M. W. Kempner — Robert Max Wasilii Kempner (* 17. Oktober 1899 in Freiburg im Breisgau; † 15. August 1993 in Königstein im Taunus) war ein promovierter deutscher Jurist und Rechtsanwalt. Bei den Nürnberger Kriegsverbrecherprozessen arbeitete er als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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